The variable is the basic building block of any programming language. In PHP, all variables start with a dollar sign.
To set data in a variable, you put an equals sign after it and some data.
$greeting = 'Hello World!';
Once you create a variable, you can use it again in other commands and functions.
After the dollar sign, a PHP variable must have an alphabetic character or underscore. Also, variables are case sensitive.
$_var = 'I am a variable with an underscore!'; $Var = 'I am a variable with a capital letter!'; $var = 'I am a new variable';
Variables can hold many different types of data, but there are four simple ones you can try now. An int is a number without a decimal place. A float is a number with a decimal place. A boolean can be two values: true or false. Last, there is a string: a collection of characters.
$int = 1; $float = 100.10; $bool = true; $string = 'I am a string';
In other programming languages, you have to write what type of data the variable will contain. PHP keeps it simple by allowing you to put any type of data in a variable, including already used variables.
$number = 1; $number = 'one';