The building blocks of PHP

The variable is the basic building block of any programming language. In PHP, all variables start with a dollar sign.



To set data in a variable, you put an equals sign after it and some data.

$greeting = 'Hello World!';

Once you create a variable, you can use it again in other commands and functions.

echo $greeting;

After the dollar sign, a PHP variable must have an alphabetic character or underscore. Also, variables are case sensitive.

$_var = 'I am a variable with an underscore!';
$Var = 'I am a variable with a capital letter!';
$var = 'I am a new variable';

Variables can hold many different types of data, but there are four simple ones you can try now. An int is a number without a decimal place. A float is a number with a decimal place. A boolean can be two values: true or false. Last, there is a string: a collection of characters.

$int = 1;
$float = 100.10;
$bool = true;
$string = 'I am a string';

In other programming languages, you have to write what type of data the variable will contain. PHP keeps it simple by allowing you to put any type of data in a variable, including already used variables.

$number = 1;
$number = 'one';